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A Brief Guide to Artificial Intelligence

Posted by Vaishnavi Divekar on Sat, 23/04/2022

WHAT IS ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE ?

The term artificial intelligence (AI) refers to any human-like intelligence exhibited by a computer or other machine. In short artificial intelligence is the ability of a computer or machine to mimic the capabilities of the human mind- learning from examples and experience, recognizing object, understanding and responding language, making decision, solving problems and combining these and other capabilities to perform function a human might perform,such as greeting a hotel guest or driving car.

"John McCarthy”, The father of Artificial Intelligence, According to him, it is "The science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs".

WHY ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE:-

  • For creating software or devices that resolve the problems of the real-world it will be easily done by using AI.

  • For creating your personal assistance, like Apple's Siri, Google Assistance, Cortana, Alexa etc.You can create all this with the help of AI.

  • Using AI, you can also build robots that are environment friendly and don't risk the survival of humans.

  • AI serves your platform, where you can create new technologies, new devices.

The things in the Artificial Intelligence is given in the following image :

Artificial Intelligence is not just a part of computer science even though it's so vast and requires lots of other factors which can contribute to it. To create the AI first we should know how intelligence is composed, so the Intelligence is an intangible part of our brain which is a combination of Reasoning, learning, problem-solving perception, language understanding, etc.

Software Artificial Intelligence or machines require following discipline for achieving the above factors.

  • Mathematic

  • Biology

  • Psychology

  • Computer Science

  • Neurons Study

  • Statistics

TYPES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE:

Artificial Intelligence can be divided into MANY various types, there are mainly two types of main categorization which are based on capabilities and based on functionally of AI. Following is a flow diagram showing the types of AI.

APPLICATION OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

  • AI IN HEALTHCARE
    Artificial intelligence simplifies the lives of patients, doctors and hospital administrators by performing tasks that are typically done by humans, but in less time and at a fraction of the cost. AI-powered technology helps pathologists in analyzing samples of tissue and help the diagnosis to be more accurate. AI is already being used to detect diseases, such as cancer, more accurately and in their early stage.

  • AI IN BUSINESS
    With this efficiency and effectiveness of a business, it is quickly able to implement machine learning. The adaptive intelligence, chatbots, and automation helps to smoothen out the business process. A business heavily depends on real-time reporting, accuracy, and processing of large volumes of quantitative data to make crucial decisions.

  • AI IN EDUCATION
    A notable amount of time is consumed to interact with students, to prepare for class, or work on professional and personal development. It must be very monotonous for a teacher to grade homework and tests for lengthy lecture courses. It is pretty close to replacing human work But, this will not be the case anymore.

  • AI IN SOCIAL MEDIA
    Everyone is using social media apps(Instagram, snapchat, Facebook,Twitter) to stay connected with the virtual world. But, are you aware of the fact that a majority of your decisions are being influenced by Artificial intelligence? Starting from notifications, to upgrades, everything is archived by AI. Due to past web searches, behaviors, interactions, and many more. So, while you visit these websites, your data is being stored and analyzed and thus you are served with personalized experience.

  • AI INTRAVEL INDUSTRY
    Competition in the tourism industry is very high. You must have seen that prices keep on varying and change often. You might have also booked a flight ticket in advance or have waited just before the departure date to find cheaper tickets. Everyone does that, but the struggle is minimized using AI. With divining analytics driven by artificial intelligence, the price can be predicted. The application is able to predict price patterns and alert travellers when to buy the tickets. So, the cheapest rate can be known before you book the flights to your destination. The price trend is analyzed on the basis of the recorded data on each route. So, you get notifications of when to book your flight. Book it at the right time and at the right price.